April 15, 2021

DiCE Webinar - A Short History of Differentiated Integration

In this podcast, TEPSA Secretary-General Jim Cloos gives a short history of differentiated integration.

Jim explores five different examples of differentiated integration: the accession of new Member States, the Schengen Area, the Euro, the Social Chapter of the Maastricht Treaty, and European Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP). Jim makes three conclusions: that DI is a natural phenomenon, that it is a tool rather than an ideology, and that a permanent periphery is not a solution.

This series from DiCE – Differentiation: Clustering Excellence, “DiCE Webinars” takes the full knowledge of Europe’s leading experts on differentiated integration, and presents it in an easy to digest format.

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